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Kaeshiwaza - Counter Techniques

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Sankyo Counter

Reference: Sankyo

The first two Basic Counters are just movement very similar to the Basic Counters for Ikkyo. They do not assume any error on Uke's part. In the Basic Counters Nage just moves better than Uke. In the later examples Uke has made a mistake that makes the counter possible.

Example 1, Sankyo Irimi Basic Counter.

Movie of the Sankyo Irimi basic counter.

Fig. 1 1st Irimi Step Fig. 2 2nd Irimi Step Fig. 3 Rounding Corner Fig. 4 Parry Strike

  1. Fig. 1 shows the start with Uke on the left holding Nage's right hand in a Sankyo position. This is posed to show the counter and Uke has already taken Uke's 1st Irimi Step.
  2. In Fig. 2 Uke takes the 2nd Irimi Step and Nage moves with Uke and slightly ahead of Uke. Uke has not made any mistakes. Nage has just moved better.
  3. In Fig. 3, as Nage rounds the corner Nage drops and steps out extending Uke and taking control of the movement. This is why it is so important to have control of one's partner when throwing and the partner is rounding the corner.
  4. Fig. 4 shows Uke striking at Nage's face with a Sankyo strike and Nage's left hand has parried and grabbed the strike in an Arm Down grip. This is possible because Nage has reversed Uke's lead and taken Uke's balance. Technique is not important here. Movement is the issue. Many techniques are possible.

    Fig. 5 1st Tenkan Step Fig. 6 2nd Tenkan Step Fig. 7 Gather Fig. 8 Finish

  5. Fig. 5 shows the end of Nage's 1st Tenkan Step as Nage comes in for the Arm Down.
  6. Fig. 6 shows the end of Nage's 2nd Tenkan Step. Nage is in the Tornado Twist bringing Uke down.
  7. In Fig. 7 Nage's left leg has gathered in to get more extension.
  8. In Fig. 8 Nage's right leg has stepped out and Nage has completed the squat to finish the arm down.

Example 2, Sankyo Tenkan Basic Counter.

Movie of the Sankyo Tenkan basic counter.

Fig. 9 1st Tenkan Step Fig. 10 2nd Tenkan Step Fig. 11 Rounding Corner Fig. 12 Parry Strike

  1. Fig. 9 shows the start with Uke on the right holding Nage's right hand in a Sankyo position. This is posed to show the counter and Uke has already taken Uke's 1st Tenkan Step.
  2. In Fig. 10 Uke takes the 2nd Tenkan Step and Nage moves with Uke and slightly ahead of Uke. Uke has not made any mistakes. Nage has just moved better.
  3. In Fig. 11, as Nage rounds the corner Nage drops and steps out extending Uke and taking control of the movement. This is why it is so important to have control of one's partner when throwing and the partner is rounding the corner.
  4. Fig. 12 shows Uke striking at Nage's face with a Sankyo strike and Nage's left hand has parried and grabbed the strike in an Arm Down grip. This is possible because Nage has reversed Uke's lead and taken Uke's balance. Technique is not important here. Movement is the issue. Many techniques are possible.

    Fig. 13 1st Tenkan Step Fig. 14 2nd Tenkan Step Fig. 15 Finish

  5. Fig. 13 shows the end of Nage's 1st Tenkan Step as Nage comes in for the Arm Down.
  6. Fig. 14 shows the end of Nage's 2nd Tenkan Step. Nage is in the Tornado Twist bringing Uke down.
  7. In Fig. 15 Nage has completed the squat to finish the Arm Down.

Example 3, Sankyo Shoulder Out Counter.

Movie of the Sankyo shoulder out counter.

Fig. 16 Sankyo Up Fig. 17 Strike Fig. 18 Falling Fig. 19 Down

  1. Fig. 16 shows the start with Uke on the left holding Nage's right hand in a Sankyo Up position. There are several problems with the technique but the important problem is that Uke's shoulder is not close to Nage's body. When Uke's body is not in the proper position Nage's right elbow can drop down allowing Nage to counter Uke. Uke usually makes this mistake because Uke steps away from Nage to twist Nage's wrist inflicting pain to control Nage. This is poor technique because it does not effectively control Nage's body. It will just break Nage's arm and is hard on Nage in class. This twisting also makes Uke vulnerable to the counter attack shown here.
  2. In Fig. 17 Nage delivers an upward Kuta Punch to Uke's right arm. At the same time Nage's right elbow snaps down bringing Nage's right hand near Nage's chest as usual with a Kuta Punch. At the same time Nage's right foot steps back to create an Ikkyo Tenkan movement.
  3. In Fig. 18 Nage is falling from the Ikkyo.
  4. Fig. 19 shows Uke down. Depending on the situation Nage might use one of several different techniques for this counter.

Example 4, Sankyo Drop Hand Counter.

Movie of Sankyo drop hand counter.

Fig. 20 Sankyo Up Fig. 21 Drop Hand Fig. 22 Strike

  1. Fig. 20 shows the start with Uke on the left holding Nage's right hand in a Sankyo Up position. There are several problems with the technique but the important problem is that Nage can move Nage's right hand down.
  2. In Fig. 21 Nage starts to spin away from Uke and Nage's right hand drops down.
  3. In Fig. 22 Nage strikes Uke in the head.

Example 5, Sankyo Raise Hand Counter.

Movie of the Sankyo raise hand counter.

Fig. 23 Start Fig. 24 Strike Fig. 25 Under Arm Fig. 26 Cut Down

  1. Fig. 23 shows the start with Uke on the left holding Nage's right wrist.
  2. Fig. 24 shows Uke stepping in and striking towards Nage's face in preparation for going under Nage's arm for the Sankyo Up. Nage parries the strike.
  3. In Fig. 25 Uke is going under Nage's arm by raising Nage's hand rather than squatting down. Uke's technique has several flaws but this is the critical flaw here. This flaw is very common.
  4. Fig. 26 shows Nage making a Tenkan type movement sweeping Uke down as Uke raises Nage's hand and tries to go under Nage's arm.

5. Fig. 27 shows Uke on the mat at the end of Nage's Arm Down movement.

Fig. 27 Finish

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Last Update 5/12/2009